The voyage of the male gamete to the egg is to fertilize it. The male gamete cell must make a long and difficult voyage to get there. One of the key indicators of a man's ability to effectively impregnate a woman is the total number of motile gamete cells.
According to WebMD, only one male sperm is necessary to fertilize an egg in a woman. But, keep in mind that for every male gamete that makes it to the egg, millions fail to do so.
Every time a man releases sperm cells, they typically produce over 100 million gametes. Only a few male gametes make it through the challenging voyage from the female organ to the fallopian tubes, where the gamete must meet the waiting egg. A large number of gametes are discharged because of this. According to specialists, nature may use this process to only permit the healthiest gametes to fertilize the egg in order to increase the likelihood of giving birth to a healthy child.
It is far from guaranteed that gametes will penetrate the egg, which is encased in a thick shell, even if they manage to travel there.
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