Most of the STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) or STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) are commonly spread through sexual contact and/or genital fluids. However, a few of them can be passed through kissing and other contact with sores and oral fluids.
We have to note that there are more than 26 known STDs or STIs, of which kissing can spread four. Many of these do not have significant signs or symptoms, and so they can be easily overlooked.
Without much ado, let's get to the most common STIs that can be gotten from kissing.
The herpes simplex virus takes two forms, the HSV-1 and HSV-2 respectively.
HSV-1, also known as oral herpes, can be spread through kissing. This is very common, with 67 percent of people under 50 (roughly 3.7 billion people in the world) having the virus in their bodies. Most people get this virus during their childhood. Common symptoms of the HSV-1 include sores, painful blisters or ulcers on, in or around the mouth. This is commonly known as cold sores, touching or kissing an active one transmits the virus.
HSV-2, also known as genital herpes, is commonly passed through sexual contact including oral, genital or anal. Nonetheless, it can still be transmitted through kissing, the symptoms of these are basically that of the HSV-1. They can't be fully treated, but antiviral drugs can be used.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is caused by virus, i.e viral infection. It can be spread through contact with saliva containing the virus. Fluids such as urine, blood, semen and breast milk containing CMV transmits the infection too. Common symptoms include sore throat, fatigue, fever and body aches. But for compromised immune system, you may not have any symptoms.
This is a bacterial infection and not typically transmitted through. You may be thinking syphilis can long be transmitted through sexual intercourse, well, that's true. It's more commonly passed on through oral, genital or anal sex. However, syphilis can cause sores in the mouth and when kissing, the bacteria is transmitted to someone else.
Kissing that involves touching tongues in its process increase the risk of the infection. Severe symptoms include fever, headache, body ache, swelling of the lymph nodes, feeling of exhaustion, abnormal spots, warts (small hard lumps) and pimples, memory, hair and vision losses.
Other infections that can be spread through kissing include influenza, coronaviruses, meningitis, Ebola virus, polio, yellow fever dengue fever, rabies and zika among other.
Personal hygiene and eating of nutritious foods are key to living a healthy life.
Note that Chlamydia, HIV, gonorrhea, chancroid, pubic lice and hepatitis cannot be spread through kissing.
If you find this useful, share with others too. Above all, live a healthy life, have a healthy relationship.
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