Packaging of food products in Nigeria has become a big business as people cannot survive without eating food on a daily basis.
The business involves buying raw foods like rice, curry, beans, prawns, dried peppers in large quantities and then packing them in small quantities to be sold at retail prices.
Hence packaging can be defined as the science, art and technology of closing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale and use.
Packaging also refers to the process of designing, evaluating and manufacturing packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system for preparing goods for transportation, storage, logistics, sale and final use.
In ancient times the first packages used the natural materials that were at that time: reed baskets, wine bags (blunt bags), wooden boxes, clay vases, ceramic amphorae, wooden barrels, woven bags, etc.
Processed materials were used to create packaging with their development: for example early glass and bronze vessels.
But in modern times the methods used for packaging products have been improved and include;
Resentment: which includes the use of tin pallets for packing goods
Preservation: Preservation is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container. Preservation provides a shelf life typically between one and five years, although under specific circumstances it can be much longer.
Paper-based packaging: A paper bag is a pre-designed container made of paper. They usually have an opening on one side for easy packing.
Paper bags come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are available with or without carrying handles. Often, paper bags are printed with store symbols and / or brands.
Paper bags, brown paper bags, paper grocery bags, paper bread bags and other light paper bags are made from one layer of paper.
Other types of paper bags are made from several layers of paper and other flexible materials. Paper bags are ideal as a container for storing compost waste.
They are compostable, as evidenced by their use across the country in urban leaf cladding schemes.
The type of packaging material that will be used for packaging any food is determined by the nature of the food to be packaged.
In general we have 3 types of packaging and they include:
Main packaging: is the material that first wraps the product and holds it. This is usually the smallest distribution or use unit and is the package that is in direct contact with the content.
Secondary packaging: is outside the main packaging, and may be used to prevent theft or group initial packages together.
Tertiary packaging or aisle: Used for bulk handling, warehouse storage and shipping. The most common form is a surface unit load that is well packaged in containers.
These broad categories can be somewhat arbitrary. For example, depending on the use, a shrink wrap may be a primary wrap when applied directly to the product, a secondary wrap when used to incorporate smaller packs, or a tertiary wrap when used to facilitate certain types of distribution, such as sticking multiple cartons on a surface
Requirements for starting a packaging business in Nigeria:
Conduct Testing: Another decision you need to make is to buy packaged food from a retailer or wholesaler.
Find veteran information from similar fields to know more about the challenges of setting up a packaging business, to avoid getting stuck and getting out of a business in the future.
Legal Backups: A business must take legal action and therefore you must meet the requirements required by the state for the purpose of your business activity.
In some countries in order for you to successfully run a food packaging business, they will require training in food handling.
Now, if you plan to run your business in the comfort of your four-cornered home, the Department of Public Health will conduct a food inspection as well as a place to prepare the food.
If you plan to expand your horizons and ship to other countries, you must comply with federal regulations.
Source of capital: In any business, capital is also very important. But you have nothing to worry about in this regard because the Small Business Association helps business people offer local and national information and resources on raising capital.
Location: The location of this business is also very important as it can be the first step to obtaining a business license and permits according to Market Looks, a researcher. In order for you to know the required licenses and permits, the Licensing Office will be the one to let you know.
Employees and professional workers: The staff that will work in the factory is also important because they will be transferred to special training instructors on how to work with the food products that will be packaged without contaminating them.
Also, a professional should be hired to assist in the maintenance of the equipment and perform the necessary chemical and biological tests on the food products to be packaged.
Packing equipment list
1. Food facility
2. Industrial sealing machine adapted to the table
3. Nylon, cartons, sheets for packing.
4. Weighing weight
5. Tables and chairs
6. Cartons for final packaging.
An electric generator (between 2-5 kilowatts) is needed to operate machinery and other electrical equipment.
The processes of packaging food products include;
1. The food products that must be packed, for example grains, rice, beans, sea powder, etc., are poured into the fine steel device.
2. Nylon packaging for example the bag is held directly to the unloading point of the fixture to feed the product.
3. After filling the bag, take the product to the weighing scale and pay attention to the weight in kilograms.
4. The last step is to seal the bag product properly to prevent leakage or contamination using a sealing machine.
The type of packaging materials used in packaging largely depends on the food item being packaged. And in any food packaging plant, the fastest source of contamination comes from food handlers.
And if in any case an item of food packaged is infected, the rest of the food items packaged in the same batch will be returned to the factory to be destroyed, and this will result in large losses, to prevent this proper training for the factory workers. .
You have a good source of capital before you start any business as no business can thrive without financial backing.
It is also important to know that listing the product to be packaged is very important. Therefore a suitable license should be obtained from a good government agency and examples of such agencies in Nigeria are NAFDAC (National Agency for Food and Drug Control) and SON (Nigeria Standard Organization).
Content created and supplied by: BusinessBoy (via Opera News )