Gumel or Gumal (as the natives call it) is a city and traditional emirate in Jigawa State , Nigeria. Gumel is located 120 km northeast of Kano, and lies about 20 km south of Nigeria's northern border with Niger . As of 2007 the estimated population of Gumel was 44,158.
The emirate was founded about 1750 by Dan Juma of Kano and his followers from the Mangawa tribe. Shortly after his death in 1754, it became a tributary state of the Bornu kingdom. The emirate survived the Fulani attacks of Usman dan Fodio's jihad in the early 19th century and never became part of the Fulani empire of Sokoto. The present-day location of Gumel is the result of an 1845 move from the city of Tumbi, located in what is now Niger.
Gumel acts as the region's primary economic center. Sorghum , millet , and peanuts are collected here and trucked to Kano on a secondary highway where they are exported by rail.
The emirate has frequently been at war with the nearby cities of Hadejia , Danzomo , Kano , and Zinder since 1828. The war with Hadejia continued until the death of Gumel's emir, Abdullahi, in 1872. Before Emir Ahmadu accepted British rule in 1903, frequent slave raids from the town of Zinder were common. In 1976 Gumel became part of Kano State , and since 1991 it has been part of Jigawa State near Danzomo, Gagarawa, Sule Tankarkar and Maigatari .
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