Football remains one of the most popular sports in the world, despite the risks involved. The game may take a physical toll on the body.
There's also the impact of tackles and collisions with the ground and other players on the body. Furthermore, the game's fast-paced motions can cause considerable muscle strain, overuse and training can have a negative impact on players' soft tissue and joints.
The following are some of the most prevalent football injuries:
1. ACHILLES INJURIES
Achilles injuries, which range from a torn Achilles tendon to tendinitis, can be excruciatingly painful and severely limit a player's mobility and ability to play.
It's not uncommon for players to miss practice or games for 4 to 6 months, depending on the type and severity of an Achilles injury, until it heals completely and activity may resume.
During soccer activities, your athlete's calf muscles and Achilles tendon are subjected to additional stress and that could lead to Achilles injury.
This injury is more common in people over the age of 30. Kobe Bryant, for example, ruptured his Achilles tendon when he was 35 years old. The blood flow to the tendon decreases as you become older, putting you at risk of damage. The tendon is also subjected to wear and tear, resulting in its weakening over time.
Treatment for a torn Achilles tendon is often determined by your age, degree of exercise, and injury severity. Younger and more active persons, especially sports, are more likely to opt for surgery to repair a totally torn Achilles tendon, whereas older people are more likely to prefer nonsurgical treatment.
For the first several weeks, keep the ankle immobile by wearing a walking boot with heel wedges or a cast with the foot flexed down.
2. GROIN INJURY
A groin strain occurs when one of the muscles at the top of the thigh is partially or totally ripped, causing significant pain and discomfort. When the adductor muscle, which is one of the major muscles on the inside of the thigh, is stretched or torn beyond its usual range of motion, it is known as groin strain.
This frequently occurs in practice during sports that require the leg to be rotated or moved fast upwards or sideways. Jumping, twisting the leg, strong kicking, abruptly changing direction while jogging, or even carrying something heavy are all examples of activities that can induce a groin strain.
Treatment and recovery
Rest is frequently recommended, as is the use of ice packs to the affected area (but not applied directly on your skin, as it can cause ice burns). Every 2 hours, apply an ice pack to the affected area for 15 to 20 minutes.
Compression shorts or leggings can be worn to help mobilize the area, stimulate blood flow, and stabilize the pelvis, all of which will help to prevent future injury.
3. HAMSTRING INJURY
The hamstring muscles, which are found at the back of the thigh, are made up of three parts (above the knee). On the outside, the semimembranosus and semitendinosus are found, while the biceps femoris is found in the middle.
When a muscle is stretched beyond its capacity, it tears the tissue, resulting in a hamstring injury. These tears are frequently referred to as strains in sports, and they come in varied degrees of severity, ranging from grade one to three.
Treatment and recovery
The afflicted should follow the well-known 'RICE' therapy strategy as soon as a hamstring injury is suspected or detected. Rice simply means rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
Players are encouraged to rest until the muscles have recovered, which can take anywhere from three weeks to three months once the swelling has subsided and the severity of the tear has been determined.
Sources: Medical Wave US, Sports Health, PubMed
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