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Interesting facts you need to about Mechatronics Engineering

Mechatronics, which is also called mechatronic engineering , is a multidisciplinary branch of engineering that focuses on the engineering of both electrical and mechanical systems , and also includes a combination of robotics ,

electronics , computer, telecommunications ,

systems , control, and product engineering. [1]

[2] As technology advances over time, various subfields of engineering have succeeded in both adapting and multiplying. The intention of mechatronics is to produce a design solution that unifies each of these various subfields. Originally, the field of mechatronics was intended to be nothing more than a combination of mechanics and electronics, hence the name being a portmanteau of mecha nics and elec tronics ; however, as the complexity of technical systems continued to evolve, the definition had been broadened to include more technical areas.

he word mechatronics originated in

Japanese-English and was created by Tetsuro Mori, an engineer of Yaskawa Electric Corporation . The word mechatronics was registered as trademark by the company in Japan with the registration number of "46-32714" in 1971. However, the company later released the right to use the word to public, whereupon the word began being used across the world. Nowadays, the word is translated into many languages and is considered an essential term for industry.

French standard NF E 01-010 gives the following definition: "approach aiming at the synergistic integration of mechanics, electronics, control theory, and computer science within product design and manufacturing, in order to improve and/or optimize its functionality".

Many people treat mechatronics as a modern buzzword synonymous with robotics and

electromechanical engineering .

Description

A mechatronics engineer unites the principles of mechanics, electronics, and computing to generate a simpler, more economical and reliable system. The term "mechatronics" was coined by Tetsuro Mori, the senior engineer of the Japanese company Yaskawa in 1969. An industrial robot is a prime example of a mechatronics system; it includes aspects of electronics, mechanics, and computing to do its day-to-day jobs.

Engineering cybernetics deals with the question of control engineering of mechatronic systems. It is used to control or regulate such a system (see control theory ). Through collaboration, the mechatronic modules perform the production goals and inherit flexible and agile manufacturing properties in the production scheme. Modern production equipment consists of mechatronic modules that are integrated according to a control architecture. The most known architectures involve hierarchy, polyarchy ,

heterarchy , and hybrid. The methods for achieving a technical effect are described by control algorithms , which might or might not utilize formal methods in their design. Hybrid systems important to mechatronics include

production systems , synergy drives,

planetary exploration rovers , automotive subsystems such as anti-lock braking systems and spin-assist, and everyday equipment such as autofocus cameras, video,

hard disks , and CD players.

Mechatronics students take courses in various fields:

Mechanical engineering and materials science and engineering

Electronics engineering

Electrical engineering

Computer engineering (software & hardware engineering)

Computer science

Systems engineering

Control engineering

Optical engineering

Telecommunications

Applications

Machine vision

Automation and robotics

Servo-mechanics

Sensing and control systems

Automotive engineering, automotive equipment in the design of subsystems such as anti-lock braking systems

Building automation / Home automation

Computer-machine controls, such as computer driven machines like CNC milling machines, CNC waterjets, and CNC plasma cutters

Expert systems

Industrial goods

Consumer products

Mechatronics systems

Medical mechatronics, medical imaging systems

Structural dynamic systems

Transportation and vehicular systems

Mechatronics as the new language of the automobile

Computer aided and integrated manufacturing systems

Computer-aided design

Engineering and manufacturing systems

Packaging

Microcontrollers / PLCs

Physical implementations

Mechanical modeling calls for modeling and simulating physical complex phenomena in the scope of a multi-scale and multi-physical approach. This implies to implement and to manage modeling and optimization methods and tools, which are integrated in a systemic approach. The specialty is aimed for students in mechanics who want to open their mind to systems engineering, and able to integrate different physics or technologies, as well as students in mechatronics who want to increase their knowledge in optimization and multidisciplinary simulation techniques. The speciality educates students in robust and/or optimized conception methods for structures or many technological systems, and to the main modeling and simulation tools used in R&D. Special courses are also proposed for original applications (multi-materials composites, innovating transducers and

actuators , integrated systems, …) to prepare the students to the coming breakthrough in the domains covering the materials and the systems. For some mechatronic systems, the main issue is no longer how to implement a control system, but how to implement actuators. Within the mechatronic field, mainly two technologies are used to produce movement/motion.

Content created and supplied by: Fresh_gist (via Opera News )

Mechatronics Engineering

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