Papua New Guinea is the third largest island in the world with one of the most unique biodiversity on the planet. Papua New Guinea is home to the third largest forest in the world, after the Amazon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The flowing rainforest is home to the only poisonous bird on the planet, the largest butterfly in the world, the tallest lizard. It also has the most Pacific area of mangrove forests, coral reefs and sea grass beds.
This unique diversity not only encompasses nature, but also comes to indigenous cultures. Although home to more than seven million people, the population of Papua New Guinea is made up of seven thousand different cultural groups. Each of them has their own language, enjoying a variety of cultural expressions including dance, music, body color, costumes and weapons. Let us look at a specific tribe; the Huli People :
The Huli family calls the province of Hela and the southern mountains of Papua New Guinea home. With their unique red and ocher paint, the traditional clothing of the Huli people is a more colorful country. The latter lived in central Papua New Guinea for thousands of years, supporting themselves primarily through hunting and farming.
One of the unique traditions of the Huli is that everyone believes in a human being: the offspring of an ancestor named Huli, the first to cultivate his land of inheritance. Ocher (red clay) and Ambua (the last word for the yellow mud) are considered sacred in the culture of the Last, recognizing their warriors from neighboring tribes. The upper part of the face is painted yellow and the lower part of the ocher(red clay)
Next to body painting, the real stunning part of the real traditional costumes of the Huli are their wigs. They are famous in the Huli culture where male members of the tribe are also known as "Wigmen". Huli’s obsession with wigs is associated with their unique initiation rituals. At the age of 14 or 15, Huli boys leave their families and are sent to live in a “higher school” class to realize their role in society.
The most important activity at this time is to take care of the boys ’hair to make ceremonial wigs. They wet their hair three times a day in what they call holy water, then sprinkle with fern leaves while chanting spells. At this time, these children avoid eating fatty and spicy foods to keep their hair strong. As the hair grows, it gradually takes on a mushroom shape with the help of a bamboo rope. These boys sleeps on their shoulders with their heads on a brick so as not to damage the appearance or shape the hair is going to take.
After about 18 months, the hair is carefully cut and the hair is wrapped in a traditional Huli wig. Wig masters will add as ornaments such as colored clay and birds of paradise parrot. These are wigs for everyday use and for ceremonies, for personal use and for sale. The more elaborate ones can be sold to the highest bidder.
After the boys' first "haircut", the process begins all over again. Some young people produce five or six wigs before it is time to get married. According to Huli’s beliefs, only boys' hair and unmarried men can be used to make wigs.
Single Huli Men prepare for adulthood in a unique way. They entered the undergraduate school for 18 months and three years where they are taught the biological process and masculinity ritual. Young men are separated from their mothers and all women for the most part of this time, physical contact with a woman is strictly forbidden. Sexual contact especially contaminates their genital deposits.
There are no “chiefs” of Huli in heritage, all chiefs have the power to appreciate their war capacity, their capacity to settle and accumulate wealth of pigs and shells. The war did not end with the culture of the Huli, they preferring revenge than any peaceful resolution. If a person returns with a serious injury, their victim is said to be often seeking revenge instead of accepting it as justice. Most of Huli’s wars stem from personal conflicts between individuals, with alliances focusing on the issue and its leading actors.
Pigs are Huli’s main source of income and are often used to pay the bride price, allow death, and pay the ritual.
Want to experience this culture and enjoy their lands, the perfect place to continue to experience the unique culture of the Huli located in the Province of Hela, Papua New Guinea. They are friendly to tourists and allow you to visit their villages and participate in their celebrations.
Do you know of any other interesting culture? Please share with us in the comments section. Remember to like and share to educate others.
Content created and supplied by: Oyindamolamii (via Opera News )
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