In old England, during the English Civil Wars (1642–51), there was a man called Oliver Cromwell. Oliver Cromwell has the most powerful Member of Parliament right a provincial MP. Cornwell was therefore one of the 59 regicides who signed the death warrant of Charles I in 1649, leading to his execution. It is quite known that the execution of a king for treason is pretty. However, Cromwell eventually became the Lord Protector in 1653, making his the only English Head of State to have been a commoner, not a monarch.